One question we are asked quite often is how do we know how much fragrance oil to add to our products, and it’s a very good question!
When adding scents to candles, or any wax for that matter, there are a number of points to think about, below we try to explain each of the considerations and how exactly you can make those beautifully scented candles, just like we do here at Gracie Moon Scents!
Choosing the Type Of Wax
The first thing you need to consider is the type of wax you’re actually going to use to create your candle masterpiece, you actually have quite a few different options to choose from, and here are the main ones, and a little bit about each (and which we choose!).
Parasoy Wax – This is our go-to wax for our amazing range of wax melts, it’s the perfect blend of soy, vegetable & paraffin wax, with a top range of 10% for a fragrance oil, you can really create that luxurious smell of a scented candle with very little fragrance oil added, the scent throw is amazing when using this wax.
Vegetable Wax – A naturally derived wax from such as soya bean & rapeseed oil, this wax starts in liquid form & is transformed into a hard wax substance. This is a completely natural product & can be advertised as such, the only drawback with this wax can be that the scent throw is not as strong as other waxes.
Paraffin Wax – One of the more widely used waxes available, this wax produces professional-looking candles, it has one of the best scent throws of waxes available on the market.
Gel Wax – A wax that offers a transparent jelly appearance, this wax is really only suitable for container pouring hence that it’s not used as much, it also has a much lower scent throw as it only holds as little as 6% fragrance oil.
Consider The Fragrance Oil Density
We’re hopefully assuming that you know at this stage that you have to mix fragrance oil into your melted wax, but the first thing to consider is that not all fragrance oils are the same, some have a higher density than others, some are more potent in scent, a lot of what we did at the start was trail & error, however, there is a little chemistry to mixing waxes & fragrance oils together.
For example, a lot of people associate liquids with measurement in millilitres (volume), BUT for a more accurate measurement, we advise measuring on grams (weight) if the liquid is of a higher density (thicker) then measurement by weight provides a more accurate percentile to wax mix.
How To Mix The Fragrance Oils In
At GracieMoonScents we carefully test all of our products to ensure we get the right blend of wax & fragrance oil to ensure our customers enjoy our handmade creations.
When adding our chosen fragrance oil to the heated wax we take great care in the mixing of this, ideally, we like to stir the fragrance oil & wax continuously for 2 minutes at a slow speed.
Be warned, if you mix the oils in too fast it can often lead to air bubbles forming in the wax at the point of pour & settling, often resulting in a dipped central core to the candle, which is obviously something you don’t want.
Determining the speed at which you should stir is a bit of an art, so if you don’t achieve the correct pour the first time, don’t be put off, we didn’t get it right either! It’s a case of trial and error, and you’ll get it eventually.
BONUS TIP: Understanding The Flashpoint
Almost all fluids do give off a vapour, this is the same for fragrance oils, referring to the vapour really means the point at which the fluid starts to turn into a gas.
The flashpoint is the point when a fluid provides enough vapour that any sort of open flame could ignite the vapour, hence the term “flashpoint”.
Although the heat from the wax itself couldn’t ignite the vapour, the naked flame for a tea light misplaced could if close enough cause a flashpoint & ultimately cause the vapour to catch fire.